Cataract is the clouding of the eye’s lense which causes disability in vision. Cataract can affect one or both eyes and lead to blindness or visual impairments. More than half of India’s 65+ population in India are suffering from cataract.
CAUSES OF CATARACT:
The clouding of the eye happens when protein builds up in the eye’s lens. This prevents the light from passing clearly through the lens which causes loss of vision. Cataract is formed when new cells are formed on the outside of the lens and the older cells are compressed to the center of the lens. Mostly cataract form due to aging. However, there are other types of cataract too which are not related to aging.
TYPES OF CATARACT:
Secondary Cataract: Medical conditions such as diabetes, can also be a reason for formation of cataract. Exposure to toxic substances, radiation, ultraviolet rays or even steroid use can cause cataract.
Congenital Cataract: Due to some injury, infection, or poor development before birth, some babies are born with cataract. These cataract may not affect the vision of a baby.
Traumatic Cataract: An eye injury may lead to cataract formation. At times cataract may form years after the injury.
Cigarette smoke, air pollution and heavy drinking too can cause cataract.
The formation of cataract happens gradually and slowly due to which its symptoms are appear only after the vision of the person starts getting blocked. Common symptoms of cataract according to the best eye care centres are:
Filmy, cloudy, foggy or blurry vision.
Sensitivity to light and glare.
Problems in vision during the night.
Sudden changes in the prescription of your glasses.
Yellowing or fading of eyes.
Double Vision in single eye.
HOW DOES CATARACT AFFECT VISION?
In cataract, as light is unable to pass clearly through the lens, it gives you a blurry and cloudy vision. People with cataract often suffer from difficulty in vision. It can also lead to blindness.
iTek vision Centre treats cataract through Phacoemulsification surgery. Our team of expert doctors safely and effectively remove the clouded lens with surgery. Cataract surgery is performed when your cataract starts interfering with your daily life.
No pill, eye drop or ointment alone can treat cataract. The machine used for Phacoemulsification cataract surgery at iTek is AMO compact. Cataract surgery removes the diseased lens in small particles using sound waves and gentle suction. Surgeon at iTek Vision Centre will make a small incision on the surface of the eye which will become a passageway to remove this lens. The natural lens is then replaced by an intraocular lens implant. This intraocular lens becomes the permanent replacement for your natural lens. Small incision made at the time of surgery is self healing and in very rare cases need stitches.
Cataract surgery in India will improve your vision that was being blocked by the clouded lens. Your doctor may prescribe you with new set of glasses post surgery. The best eye care centres for cataract surgery in India will give your some aftercare methods and eye drops, that are to be followed for speedy recovery.
Cataract surgery may involve some side effects; make sure to talk to your eye surgeon before going ahead with the surgery. A common side effect of cataract surgery is a clouding of the thin membrane that holds the lens in place. This can be treated readily and painlessly with a laser surgery. Cataract Surgery can also lead to corneal edema.
For more information visit : http://itekvisioncentre.com/