The hot airoven uses dry heat to sterilize the equipment. This equipment will not melt orcatch fire while heating. The process destroys the microorganisms andbacteria while heating. The temperature range of hot air oven is between 50°C to 450°C with different types. Thetypes are listed below
1) Naturalconvection oven – Inside the natural convection oven the fan and the motoris not available. The air circulated naturally by the means of gravity. Henceit is also called a gravity convection oven. As the hot air oven starts operating the air gets heated up and the airflows up. The temperature is not wholly uniform in this oven.
2) Forceconvection oven – These types of laboratory oven has a fan and a motorassembly. So that the heated air is circulated from top to the bottom. Thismethod provides a uniform temperature throughout the chamber and also providesthe fast heat up time.
3) SideDraughts oven – This oven has the fan and the motor assembly but from theside. The hot air flows from the left to right direction or vice versadepending upon the fan placement. These hot air ovens also provide a uniformtemperature distribution all over the chamber.
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